Mexican Folk Art is admired and collected world wide. It never ceases to surprise the wide variety of Folk Art expressions in Mexico. They go from simple day to day utensils made by hand to sophisticated contemporary art.
Generally speaking, folk art in Mexico is created in a simple and rudimentary way although there are artists that produce spectacular, complex works of art. In Mexico it is known as Arte Popular, Popular Art.
Following ancestral traditions, artisans create some of the most spectacular and unique pieces resulting from their imagination and talent.
Mexico is a mysterious and fascinating land with great diversity of geographical regions, cultural expressions, magic and color.
Mexico is its people and its traditions, a mixture of two great cultures: the Spanish and the Indigenous.
This conjunction of two different civilizations is reflected in all aspects of life: in art, architecture, folklore and religion.
Mexicans are artists by nature. The whole world recognizes them for their masterpieces such as the wonderful pre-Columbian pieces, Colonial art, the art of Frida Kahlo or the exceptional murals of Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros and José Clemente Orozco.
Most Mexican folk art pieces are handmade, by small groups of individuals or families. In essence they are produced to supplement the income they earn from their agricultural crops.
In Mexico crafts created for utilitarian purposes and decorative art are known as artesanias or arte popular.
Throughout the country, different expressions of folk art are produced depending on the natural resources of the area.
The talented Mexican artisans transform the materials that nature offers them, into objects for daily use with exceptional beauty.
What are examples of Mexican Folk Art?
These are some of the most popular expressions of Mexican Folk Art:
Oaxacan Wood Carvings, Palo Fierro wood carvings from Sonora.
Alebrijes, made of paper from Mexico City, and piñatas all over the country.
Mata Ortiz pottery from Chihuahua, Barro Negro from Oaxaca, Talavera pottery from the state of Puebla, Trees of Life from Metepec.
Huichol bead and yarn work from Jalisco and Nayarit.
Basket weaving in Mexico was practiced since pre-Columbian times, even before pottery making. From Sonora, Chiapas, Oaxaca & Veracruz.
Textiles such as traditional sarapes and dresses from nearly all states of Mexico.
Lacquer Work from Michoacan and Guerrero.
Metalwork particularly silver from Taxco Guerrero.
Blown Glass from Puebla, where the first factory was established by the Spaniards in 1542. Mexico City and Jalisco also have a long tradition of producing blown glass.
Mexico's Folk Art is a wonderful expression of the values, history and richness of the people that create it.